An annular solar eclipse happens when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth while it is at its farthest point from Earth. Because the Moon is farther away from Earth, it appears smaller than the Sun and does not completely cover the star. This creates a “ring of fire” effect in the sky.

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annular eclipse Since the Moon appears smaller than the Sun during an annular solar eclipse, the Sun peeks out from around the Moon. Credits: Stefan Seip

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