Author(s): Mark Skidmore
Co-Author(s): John Priscu, Brent Christner
Panel Selection: Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Satellites: Galilean satellites, Titan, and the other satellites of the giant planets.
Institution: Montana State University
The paper highlights that improved knowledge of the carbon and energy transformations necessary to support life at sub-zero temperatures is key to future planetary science and astrobiological research given ice is the most abundant phase of water in the Solar system.