The Cool Scientists

Year: 2018-19

The Cool Scientists: Angeles Lucia, Rincon Bustos, Hana Nadira, Dalul Senih, Alejandro Marmol, Nicola Di Gaetano, Jose Gonzales, and Sasha Marmol

Schools: Uru School, Los Robles School, and Altamira School

Grade: 9-12

Cities: Villa del Rosario, Ciudad Ojeda, Machiques, Maracaibo

Teacher: Professor Eng. Patrick Morton

We studied and compared several NASA and JPL articles, and carefully watched many videos. We concluded that the researches published by various scientists (from NASA, JPL and ESA) and the data and images provided by Cassini, show the eruption of plumes discovered in Enceladus are a magnificent pointer to understand the interaction between orbits and gravitational tides.

Amazingly, these ejections of geysers are of great importance to try to detect organic compounds, perhaps even microbes or some type of micro-algae and to observe and study the particles supply of Saturn's rings. This phenomena raises a question: would that also help to understand this mechanism of ejection so peculiar to Enceladus, Io, Europa, perhaps even Triton?

All these clues tend to make us think that we have to observe better the chemical compounds present -- and expelled from -- Enceladus to see if they interact forming chains and molecular reactions that the biological scientists are just starting to imagine, but we have this intuition that they usually happen just as in Earths deep sea volcanic vents ...

We base our question, and decision to choose Enceladus as an objective, based on the scientific results that we observed in the Public Outreach programs organized by Dr Frank Summers, and other scientists from the Space Telescope Science Institute, that we manage to see sometimes whenever we have miraculous access to the internet from our country ...

We also watched a TV program of Science program called Planet Earth which presented an interesting exposition on the primitive atmospheres and oceans of our own planet, Earth.

Could that be happening in Enceladus? If life is discovered there it would change all the basic concepts we have of life forming mechanisms. We not only propose to make a comeback to Enceladus, but also send a ice-lander, a machine capable to observe the surface, while it would also release a free floating nuclear heated probe that would go across the ice crust and penetrate the misterios seas of Enceladus. This mission would be a free neutral buoyancy probe that would go along with the possible submarine currents in Enceladus and send back information to the ice-lander.

This neutral buoyancy “submarine” would be cheaper than the one NASA proposes for exploring the Kraken Sea in Titan because it doesn’t use engines, nor porpeller nor rudder!

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