First, we must determine the slope. The slope can be found by using the formula: #m = (color(red)(y_2) - color(blue)(y_1))/(color(red)(x_2) - color(blue)(x_1))#

Where #m# is the slope and (#color(blue)(x_1, y_1)#) and (#color(red)(x_2, y_2)#) are the two points on the line.

Substituting the values from the points in the problem gives:

#m = (color(red)(3) - color(blue)(7))/(color(red)(-1) - color(blue)(5))#

#m = (-4)/-6 = 2/3#

The point-slope formula states: #(y - color(red)(y_1)) = color(blue)(m)(x - color(red)(x_1))#

Where #color(blue)(m)# is the slope and #color(red)(((x_1, y_1)))# is a point the line passes through.

We can substitute the slope we calculate and the first point to give:

#(y - color(red)(7)) = color(blue)(2/3)(x - color(red)(5))#

Or, we can substitute the slope we calculate and the second point to give:

#(y - color(red)(3)) = color(blue)(2/3)(x - color(red)(-1))#

#(y - color(red)(3)) = color(blue)(2/3)(x + color(red)(1))#