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Solar System Exploration
Carpo: Overview
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Carpo, some 3 km across (assuming an albedo of 0.04), orbits Jupiter at a distance of about 17 million km. It takes a little over 456 Earth days to complete one orbit.

The orbit is somewhat inclined with respect to Jupiter's equatorial plane, and the direction of travel is the same as that of Jupiter's rotation (a "prograde" orbit). It is Jupiter's most distant known moon with a prograde orbit. There are many moons known to be further out, but they all travel around Jupiter in the opposite direction.

Carpo was discovered on 26 February 2003 by Scott S. Sheppard and others from the University of Hawaii's Institute for Astronomy using the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii telescope at the Mauna Kea Observatory in Hawaii.

How Carpo Got its Name:
Originally designated S/2003 J20, Carpo was named for one of the three Athenian goddesses of the flowers of spring and the fruits of summer and autumn. An annual festival in their honor was called the Horaea. According to Hesoid, a group of goddesses collectively called the Horae (with different names, which did not include Carpo) were daughters of Zeus, the Greek equivalent of the Roman god Jupiter.

Just the Facts
Orbit Size (semi-major axis):  17,078,000 km
Mean Radius:  1.5 (assuming an albedo of 0.04) km
Volume:  14 km3
Mass:  44,960,052,992,916 kg
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Last Updated: 30 Mar 2011