National Aeronautics and Space Administration Logo
Follow this link to skip to the main content NASA Banner
Solar System Exploration
Facebook Twitter YouTube Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr iTunes
Follow Us
David Wilkinson
Picture of David Wilkinson
David Wilkinson
(1935 - 2002)
Professior of Physics, Princeton University
Read Tribute
NASA's Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe was named in David's honor.

David T. Wilkinson, a pioneer in physics and cosmology, lived and went to school in Michigan. He received both his B.S. and M.S. in Engineering and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Michigan before coming to Princeton University to become a professor of physics. Besides teaching graduate course in physics David made time to teach undergraduate courses as well.

"Dave's science often took
the path less traveled.
Dave embodied so much of
what we aspire to as
scientists and as people."
David Wilkinson

"[David] particularly enjoyed teaching the Princeton undergraduate introductory physics courses; he had a flair for presenting physics demonstrations that kept the students on the edges of their seats, and as always he took pleasure in the students' reactions, which they in turn could sense and appreciate," said colleagues John Mather and Jim Peebles.

"Dave's science often took the path less traveled, with results that have seeded large and active fields," said a 2003 memorial in Physics Today. "He showed by example that the experimenter's conscience can be the best defense against bad science. Dave embodied so much of what we aspire to as scientists and as people. His effortless charm and natural affinity for people, his generosity with time, and his total absence of self-promotion, brought out the best in all who were privileged to know him."

While a professor at Princeton, David made many discoveries. From the mid-1960s on, David was involved in almost every effort of measuring the faint echoes of the Big Bang, starting with receivers on the top of the university's buildings, then balloons, and then satellites. One echo is known as Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB), which is leftover heat from the formation of the Universe. David was instrumental in defining CMB research from the days of its discovery in 1964. This led to his work as a scientist on the Microwave Anisotropy Probe Instrument (MAP) 38 years later. This satellite was renamed the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) in his honor.

WMAP was launched in June 2001, and observes the oldest light in the Universe (CMB). Patterns imprinted in this light, approximately 400,000 years after the Big Bang, reveal details about the age of the Universe, the era of first starlight, and other key properties. Both WMAP and its predecessor, the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), owe their existence in no small part to Wilkinson, whose research, enthusiasm and tireless efforts played a major role in bringing these missions to life.

"Dave was a man of great integrity, an outstanding scientist, and a wonderful colleague," said Dr. Charles L. Bennett, WMAP Principal Investigator from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, Md. "He loved to do science and he loved to teach science. As a teacher he was inspiring. As a scientist he set high standards and served as the conscience of the field," he said.

After a long struggle with cancer, David Wilkinson died on September 5, 2002. He was 67.

Read More:

Last Updated: 3 January 2013

Meet More People

Awards and Recognition   Solar System Exploration Roadmap   Contact Us   Site Map   Print This Page
NASA Official: Kristen Erickson
Advisory: Dr. James Green, Director of Planetary Science
Outreach Manager: Alice Wessen
Curator/Editor: Phil Davis
Science Writers: Courtney O'Connor and Bill Dunford
Producer: Greg Baerg
Webmaster: David Martin
> NASA Science Mission Directorate
> Budgets, Strategic Plans and Accountability Reports
> Equal Employment Opportunity Data
   Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
> Information-Dissemination Policies and Inventories
> Freedom of Information Act
> Privacy Policy & Important Notices
> Inspector General Hotline
> Office of the Inspector General
> NASA Communications Policy
> NASA Advisory Council
> Open Government at NASA
Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013