Where are you from?
I was born in Canada, but grew up in a sleepy little community of orchards and oak trees called Santa Clara, Calif. -- the center of the Silicon Valley. I grew up during the whole computer revolution that was happening there. (My mother used to work for Gordon Moore at Intel.)
Describe the first time you made a personal connection with outer space.
It wasn't exactly a connection with outer space, but at the age of 5 or 6 the film "Fantasia" opened an imaginative pathway of wonder for me about worlds other than Earth -- primitive worlds -- and how huge geologic forces can impact life forms there.
|"When deciding on your career |
you should be aware of the balance
of work, personal satisfaction
and financial rewards."
How did you end up working in the space program?
My parents blackmailed me. I really wanted to go to the University of California at Berkeley (UCB), but my parents would only agree to pay for it if I majored in something "useful" like engineering. I hated engineering. But during an engineering internship at NASA-Ames Research Center (ARC), I found myself sneaking over to the space building all the time. When my boss realized that I enjoyed spending my time there, he placed me with a scientist (Dr. Ray T. Reynolds) in the Space Science Division. That's how it happened!
What is a Project Scientist?
A project scientist is a key individual on the management staff of a mission. He or she has enough interdisciplinary experience to understand the science across multiple instruments, and helps to adjudicate and make key science decisions when there is conflict about how, when or who will make observations of a comet or any other science targets such as Mars or asteroids.
Tell us about a favorite moment so far in your career.
We were watching the first data come down from the Galileo mission's first encounter with Jupiter's moon Ganymede, and the data clearly showed the presence of some sort of ionosphere (a very thin atmosphere, which we now call a "surface bound exosphere") in the region. When I saw this evidence, I burst out saying "I don't believe it!" (I had, up until that time, done a lot of modeling work to prove that the moon was frozen solid.) The presence of a little bit of atmosphere meant that we needed to re-think our past assumptions concerning Ganymede as an undisturbed, pristine and inactive moon. It was an exciting moment to experience something that changed my whole way of thinking. I've never been so happy to be wrong before!
Who inspired you?
Carl Sagan inspired me through his television series "Cosmos." (I must have watched the series a dozen times). President Kennedy also inspired me when he said "... we will go into space, not because it is easy, but because it is hard ..." And I am also inspired by great scientists of the past, like Johannes Kepler. Kepler struggled his whole life to make orbits circular, until he grasped a fundamental truth, that orbits are elliptical in nature. To be that dedicated to searching out a fundamental truth continues to inspire me.
What advice would you give to someone who wants to take the same career path as you?
When deciding on your career you should be aware of the balance of work, personal satisfaction and financial rewards. In the early days of my career I would compare notes with an attorney friend of mine, and I found that each of us were working the same long hours, but she was making about three times as much money as me! Loving your work can sometimes be as important as how much money you make. As a woman it is really tough to make the balance of family time and science work successfully. You have to decide if you want to spend most of your time working at the expense of family time! Having the right partner is an important part of deciding on that balance.
What do you do for fun?
I love to go horseback riding, and I write science fiction. One of my short stories got selected for publication by Dr. Fantastique's Books - it's a steampunk adaptation of Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale (set to be released in May 2012) called Leo's Mechanical Queen, part of a Shakespeare anthology that will go by the title: The Omnibus of Dr. Bill Shakes and the Magnificent Ionic Pentatetrameter. I'm so excited! Also, I released my personal website, finally, and hope to meet people in my Scientist's Caf? (forum) to talk about science, books, movies, and art in the news - and matters of multicultural interest.
If you were talking to a student interested in science and math or engineering, what advice would you give them?
Science and math are fascinating and fundamental. They require as much discipline to study and master as an athlete working to be a football player, or a musician attempting to land a recording contract. Hours and hours of practice go into the mastery of the field. But the rewards are just as terrific! Imagine being the first person to make a discovery, to have a mathematical principle named after you or to make the fundamental discoveries that take civilization to the next level? In the annals of history the athletes and musicians fade, but the ones who make fundamental improvements in humankind's way of life, and in their understanding of the Universe, live on in their discoveries.
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Last Updated: 7 April 2014
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