Where are you from?
I am from Breese, Ill., a very small town about an hour from St. Louis. I grew up with a cornfield across the street from my house.
Describe the first time you made a personal connection with outer space.
When I was in the 6th grade my parents gave me a telescope. I still remember that first night when I pointed it at Saturn, and got to see the rings! I had seen many pictures taken by much better telescopes and by the Voyager spacecraft, but I was stunned the first time I was able to see it with my own eyes. I could not imagine how something so impossible could exist. And that's what I love about exploring the planets -- we continually find impossible things!
How did you end up working in the space program?
I was fortunate to have an adviser in graduate school who was very involved in the space program and who was also committed to getting his students involved in that work. During graduate school I spent weeks in the desert with NASA engineers testing rover designs.
This eventually led to the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission, and I came to NASA Headquarters in part to continue working on that mission.
Who inspired you?
My wife, actually. When I was young I was very interested in the exploration and science of the planets, especially the Voyager missions. Later I drifted away from that as I focused on finding a grown up job rather than a dream job. When I met my wife in college I saw how she had the courage to follow her dreams, and she inspired me to do so as well. And she still does.
What is a Program Scientist?
Making a mission successful requires a lot of groups working together. Even though all these groups are working toward the same goal, like driving a rover on Mars, finding the right balance among all the groups is difficult.
A Program Scientist helps two of those groups, the mission team and NASA Headquarters, work well together. A Program Scientist is the team's representative at NASA Headquarters and is also the Headquarters' representative to the team; that sounds weird because it's an odd job. But what it means is that I explain the mission, its successes, and its failures to the managers at Headquarters, and at the same time I explain NASA Headquarters to the team.
Tell us about a favorite moment so far in your career?
For sheer adrenaline it was hard to beat sitting in the control room at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and watching Spirit and Opportunity land on Mars. It was also amazing to see the first radar data come in after Cassini's first flyby of Titan (that was particularly memorable because I was up in the middle of the night with my son, who was only a few months old, and we watched the data come in together).
What advice would you give to someone who wants to take the same career path as you?
Figure out what you love to do and then find the jobs that allow you to do it. The necessary hard work is fun as long as you love what you are doing! Having a dream is a must. Having a plan is an excellent idea, but you also have to be willing to jump at unexpected opportunities.
During college I never planned on driving a rover on Mars, and during graduate school I never planned on working at NASA Headquarters. But as a kid I definitely dreamed of working for NASA and exploring the planets.
What do you do for fun?
I like to spend as much time as I can with my family -- everything is fun when you do it with your kids!
If you were talking to a student interested in science and math or engineering, what advice would you give them?
Education is critical, there is no substitute for hard work, and you need to ask for help when needed! In one of my classes in college my grades quickly plummeted as I got more and more confused. This was a really embarrassing situation for me. I swallowed my pride and admitted to the professor that I was completely lost, and he and I worked hard to improve my understanding of the material until my grades improved. I still remember bumping into him after the semester ended and thanking him for the grade he gave me. He stopped, looked straight into my eyes, and said, "I didn't 'give' you that grade, you earned it."