Animation of the discovery images of S/1999 U3.

Animation of the discovery images of S/1999 U3. Each image in the loop sequence of 3 images is an 8 minute exposure (are shown is approximately 20 seconds of arc on a side, or 300 000 kilometers at the distance of Uranus).The images were taken about 2 hours apart. The satellite is moving down and to the left on this image, other "moving" targets are cosmic rays (noise) and do not move in a fashion consistent with a satellite of Uranus. Image Credit: University of Arizona/Erich Karkoschka

Discovery

Prospero was discovered July 18, 1999 by Matthew J. Holman, John J. Kavelaars, Brett J. Gladman, Jean-Marc Petit, and Hans Scholl using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope at the Mauna Kea Observatory on the island of Hawaii. They discovered Setebos and Stephano at the same time.

Overview

At about 31 miles (50 kilometers) in diameter, Prospero is a small, dark, irregular moon that orbits Uranus in the opposite direction from the regular satellites and the rotation of the planet, itself (known as a retrograde orbit). Its orbital characteristics are similar to those of Sycorax and Setebos, suggesting a common origin. But its gray color differs from the light red color of Sycorax, implying a different origin.

How Prospero Got its Name

Originally called S/1999 U3, Prospero was named for a sorcerer in William Shakespeare's play, "The Tempest." Prospero, rightfully Duke of Milan, has his dukedom usurped by his brother Antonio with the help of Alonso, King of Naples. He is forced to flee with his daughter Miranda to an island in the Mediterranean, where he perfects his magical powers, hoping to use them to regain his dukedom.

Solar System News