Launch Date October 11, 1958 | 23:41:58 UT
Launch Site Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Russia | Launch Site 1 ​
Destination Earth's Moon
Type Impact
Status Unsuccessful
Nation Soviet Union
Alternate Names Unnamed Luna

Goals

Study the environment of interplanetary space and then crash into the Moon.

Accomplishments

None. Vibrations in the strap-on boosters caused the launch vehicle to explode 104 seconds after launch.

In Depth

This was the Soviet Union's second attempt to crash a probe into the Moon. It carried sensors to mission to study interplanetary matter, cosmic radiation, magnetic fields of the Moon and cosmic ray intensity.

Vibrations in the strap-on boosters caused the launch vehicle to explode 104 seconds after launch.

Spacecraft

Launch Vehicle: 8K72 (no. B1-4)

Spacecraft Mass: About 794 pounds (360 kilograms) with upper stage)

Spacecraft Instruments:

  1. three-component magnetometer
  2. two gas-discharge counters
  3. piezoelectric detector
  4. scintillation counter
  5. ion traps

Selected References

Siddiqi, Asif A. Deep Space Chronicle: A Chronology of Deep Space and Planetary Probes 1958-2000, NASA, 2002.​

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