Goals: Carrying instruments virtually identical to those of Surveyor 5, Surveyor 6 was designed to achieve similar goals: to perform a soft landing in the Sinus Medii region of the Moon, take pictures of the lunar surface after landing, analyze the lunar soil, and conduct an experiment to see the effect on the soil of firing a rocket engine.
Accomplishments: Surveyor 6 transmitted nearly 30,000 images of the lunar surface taken from two different vantage points. Becoming the first spacecraft to be launched from the lunar surface, Surveyor 6 lifted itself to about 3 meters altitude and flew about 2.5 meters west of its initial landing point. This provided an opportunity both for stereo imaging and observing the original landing footprints to determine the soil's mechanical properties-more than adequate to support the upcoming Apollo landings. The soil's composition was found to be basaltic, similar to that of the Surveyor 5 landing site.