|Nation||United States of America (USA)|
|Spacecraft Mass||2,194 pounds (995.2 kilograms)|
|Mission Design and Management||NASA / JPL|
|Launch Vehicle||Atlas Centaur (AC-7 / Atlas D no. 194 / Centaur D)|
|Launch Date and Time||Sept. 20, 1966 / 12:32:00 UT|
|Launch Site||Cape Canaveral, Fla. / Launch Complex 36A|
|Scientific Instruments||Imaging System|
Sept. 20, 1966: Launch
Sept. 23, 1966: Lander crashed on the Moon
In Depth: Surveyor 2
Surveyor 2, similar in design to its predecessor, was aimed for a lunar soft-landing in Sinus Medii. During the coast to the Moon, at 05:00 UT Sept. 21, 1966, one of three thrusters failed to ignite for a 9.8-second course correction, and as a result, put the spacecraft into an unwanted spin.
Despite as many as 39 repeated attempts to fire the recalcitrant thruster, the engine failed to ignite, and Surveyor 2 headed to the Moon without proper control.
Just 30 seconds after retro-fire ignition at 09:34 UT Sept. 22, 1966, communications ceased, and the spacecraft crashed on the surface of the Moon at 5 degrees 30 minutes north latitude and 12 degrees west longitude, just southeast of Copernicus crater.
Siddiqi, Asif A. Beyond Earth: A Chronicle of Deep Space Exploration, 1958-2016. NASA History Program Office, 2018.