Artist's impression of the ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter at Mars. Image Credit: ESA.

Launch Date Mar. 14, 2016
Launch Site Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Russia
Destination Mars
Type Lander
Status Unsuccessful
Nation Europe
Alternate Names 2016 Exomars EDM, TGO, 2016-017A, 41388


Schiaparelli—an entry, descent and landing demonstrator module—was a technology demonstration vehicle carried by the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO).


None. Schiaparelli crashed on Mars. An investigation found conflicting information in the onboard computer caused the descent sequence to end prematurely.

Closer Look at Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars
This Oct. 25, 2016, image shows the area where the European Space Agency's Schiaparelli test lander reached the surface of Mars, with magnified insets of three sites where components of the spacecraft hit the ground. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

Key Dates

Mar. 14, 2016: Launch

Oct. 19, 2016: Mars Landing Attempted


Launch Vehicle: Proton-M

Spacecraft Mass: 577 kilograms

Spacecraft Instruments:

The DREAMS (Dust Characterisation, Risk Assessment, and Environment Analyser on the Martian Surface) package, consists of a suite of sensors to measure the wind speed and direction (MetWind), humidity (DREAMS-H), pressure (DREAMS-P), atmospheric temperature close to the surface (MarsTem), the transparency of the atmosphere (Solar Irradiance Sensor, SIS), and atmospheric electrification (Atmospheric Radiation and Electricity Sensor; MicroARES).

Additional Resources

European Space Agency: Exomars Trace Gas Orbiter

National Space Science Data Center Master Catalog: ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter/Schiaparelli

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