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Mars 8/Mars 96
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Mars 8/Mars 96
Mars 8/Mars 96 Mission to Mars

Goals: Mars 8 was an ambitious, multi-faceted Russian-led international mission to simultaneously explore the Martian atmosphere, surface and interior. The mission included an orbiter, two small science landers and two penetrators -- carrying 38 sophisticated science instruments.

Accomplishments: A malfunction in Earth orbit sent the spacecraft plunging back into the atmosphere. It broke up on re-entry and debris were reportedly scattered in a wide area across the Pacific Ocean, Chile and Bolivia.

Key Dates
16 Nov 1996:  Launch (20:48:53 UT)
Status: Unsuccessful
Fast Facts
Mars 8/Mars 96 Facts A malfunction during booster firing to send it to Mars marooned the spacecraft in Earth orbit. It re-entered Earth's atmosphere after three orbits.

At 6,200 kg, Mars 8 was the heaviest interplanetary probe and the most ambitious Mars mission of its time.

Instruments were developed in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Finland, France, Hungary, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, the United States and the ESA.
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Last Updated: 6 Dec 2010