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Venera 09
Venera 9 Mission to Venus

Goals: Venera 9 was the first of a new, heavier generation Soviet spacecraft. The mission called for an orbiter and a lander. The orbiter was to act as a communications relay and study Venus from above while the lander descended via parachute to study the surface.

Accomplishments: Venera 9 logged several firsts. It was the first spacecraft to orbit Venus and the first mission to transmit photographs from the surface of another world. The orbiter fulfilled its communications mission while photographing the planet's atmosphere in UV light and conducting other investigations. The lander transmitted data from Venus' surface for 53 minutes, including taking a 180° panorama of the rocky Venusian surface. Illumination at the surface was said to be as bright as Moscow on a cloudy day in June. Gamma ray measurements indicated that the probe landed on a basaltic surface. Temperature at the surface was found to be 460°C (860°F); atmospheric pressure was 90 times that of Earth.


Key Dates
8 Jun 1975:  Launch
22 Oct 1975:  Venus Landing (05:13 UT)
22 Mar 1976:  End of Orbiter Mission
Status: Successful
Fast Facts
Venera 09 Facts Venera 9 took the first photo from the surface of another world (right).

The image was taken from an elevation of 90 cm (34 inches).

The Venera 9 orbiter was the first spacecraft to orbit Venus.
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Last Updated: 2 Dec 2010