National Aeronautics and Space Administration Logo
Follow this link to skip to the main content NASA Banner
Solar System Exploration
Missions
Unnamed Mars M-71/170
 By Target   By Name   By Decade 
Search for Missions Containing:      Search
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Kosmos 419
Kosmos 419 Mission to Mars

Goals: It is widely believed that the primary purpose was to overtake America's Mariner 8 (which, ironically, was unsuccessfully launched 2 days earlier) and become the first spacecraft to orbit Mars.

Accomplishments: None. Launch failure due to human programming error stranded the spacecraft in Earth orbit. It reentered Earth's atmosphere within two days of launch.


Key Dates
10 May 1971:  Launch
Status: Unsuccessful
Fast Facts
Kosmos 419 Facts Soviet scientists abandoned a plan to send a lander with the spacecraft in an effort to beat America's Mariner spacecraft to Mars orbit.

A mission controller entered a firing code in reverse order, stranding the spacecraft in Earth orbit.

The Soviets gave the spacecraft a Kosmos designation -- indicating it was intended for Earth orbit -- to disguise the failure.
Links
Awards and Recognition   Solar System Exploration Roadmap   Contact Us   Site Map   Print This Page
NASA Official: Kristen Erickson
Advisory: Dr. James Green, Director of Planetary Science
Outreach Manager: Alice Wessen
Curator/Editor: Phil Davis
Science Writer: Autumn Burdick
Producer: Greg Baerg
Webmaster: David Martin
> NASA Science Mission Directorate
> Budgets, Strategic Plans and Accountability Reports
> Equal Employment Opportunity Data
   Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
> Information-Dissemination Policies and Inventories
> Freedom of Information Act
> Privacy Policy & Important Notices
> Inspector General Hotline
> Office of the Inspector General
> NASA Communications Policy
> USA.gov
> ExpectMore.gov
> NASA Advisory Council
> Open Government at NASA
Last Updated: 29 Nov 2010