|Launch Date||Nov. 23, 1965|
|Launch Site||Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Russia|
|Alternate Names||1965-094A, 01742|
This spacecraft was most likely designed to crash land on Venus and was similar to Venera 3, which launched a week earlier.
None. An explosion after launch stranded the Venus-bound spacecraft in Earth orbit. It remained in orbit for 16 days and reentered the Earth's atmosphere on 9 December 1965.
This was the third and last spacecraft prepared for a Venus encounter by the Soviets in 1965. All three spacecraft had originally been intended for Mars Exploration in 1964 and 1965. However, during coast to orbit, a combustion chamber in the booster's third-stage engine exploded due to a crack in the fuel pipeline.
Although the payload reached Earth orbit, the Blok L upper stage was tumbling and was unable to fire for trans-Venus trajectory injection. The probe remained stranded in Earth orbit and the Soviets named it Kosmos 96 to disguise its true mission. The probe's orbit decayed on 9 December 1965.
Launch Vehicle: 8K78M
Spacecraft Mass: c. 950 kg
Spacecraft Instruments: Unknown
Siddiqi, Asif A. Deep Space Chronicle: A Chronology of Deep Space and Planetary Probes 1958-2000, NASA, 2002.