Launch Date Mar. 12, 1965
Launch Site Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Russia
Destination Earth’s Moon
Type Lander
Status Unsuccessful
Nation Soviet Union
Alternate Names 1965-018, 01246

Goals

This was another Soviet attempt to safely land a spacecraft on the Moon. The lander was equipped with cameras and a radiation detector.

Accomplishments

None. A malfunction stranded the spacecraft in Earth orbit. It burned up in Earth's atmosphere five days after launch.

In Depth

Yet another Soviet attempt to soft-land a Ye-6 probe on the lunar surface ended in failure when the Blok L upper stage failed to fire for the translunar injection burn. Instead, the spacecraft remained stranded in Earth orbit.

A later investigation indicated that there had been a short circuit in an inverter within the I-100 guidance system of the spacecraft (which also controlled the Blok L stage) preventing engine ignition. The spacecraft's orbit decayed five days later.

Spacecraft

Launch Vehicle: 8K78 (no. R103-25)

Spacecraft Mass: c. 1,470 kg

Spacecraft Instruments:

  1. imaging system
  2. radiation detector

Additional Resources

National Space Science Data Center Master Catalog: Kosmos 60

Selected References

Siddiqi, Asif A. Deep Space Chronicle: A Chronology of Deep Space and Planetary Probes 1958-2000, NASA, 2002.

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