National Aeronautics and Space Administration Logo
Follow this link to skip to the main content NASA Banner
Solar System Exploration
Science & Technology
Infrared: Catch the Wave
scitech/images/inset-20031028-24-1-large.jpg

When you pick up that TV remote to switch to your favorite channel, you're riding a wave - an infrared wave. Our eyes can't see the infrared light but our television sets can as we happily surf through reality shows, sitcoms and sports.

Infrared has forged a distinct niche in our lifestyle. It's as much a tool as X-rays in the dentist chair or radio waves in our cars. Like the other two waves, infrared is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Sir Frederick William Herschel discovered it in 1800 when he directed sunlight through a prism and measured the temperatures from the rainbow of colors. When he dipped his thermometer into an area beyond the red, where there appeared to be no visible sign of light, he discovered this region had the highest temperature of all.

Herschel's discovery was named "infrared" meaning "below the red."

Infrared is an "invisible" light that we normally think of as heat. It's a kind of light that our eyes can't see, but we can still detect it even if it's dark, dusty or smoky.

Today infrared has many exciting and useful applications, although most people are unaware of the role it plays in our lives. Doctors use infrared as a medical diagnostic tool, to detect breast tumors and monitor blood flow in our bodies. Firefighters use infrared detection to find people trapped in smoke-filled buildings or pinpoint the location of forest fires through dense clouds of smoke. Infrared is used in search and rescue operations to find lost people in the ocean and wilderness at night.

Everything in the universe emits some kind of light, just not always the kind of light that we can see.

scitech/images/inset-20031028-24-7-large.jpg

"There are processes and objects in the universe that we never see just with our human senses," says astronomer Dr. Michelle Thaller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology, "so we have to use our technology to extend our senses to be able to see things that have been invisible to us."

NASA'S new Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) will give scientists a new "set of eyeglasses" to see space.

"We'll be looking for, among other things, warm discs of dust around stars that may indicate planets are forming," says Thaller, "and we'll see that in warm infrared light."

The Space Infrared Telescope Facility will be able to see deep into thick, dark and dusty regions of space, and its state-of-the-art detectors will make this observatory a million times more sensitive than previous infrared missions.

And finally, a factoid that only a couch potato could appreciate - this 19-hundred pound observatory is so sensitive it will be able to detect the pulse of a TV remote control five thousand miles away!

Related Links:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Last Updated: 21 February 2011

Science Features
Astrobiology
Astronomy Features
Power
Technology Assessment Reports
Sungrazing Comets

 

Best of NASA Science
NASA Science Highlights
Technology Features
Propulsion
Lectures & Discussions

Awards and Recognition   Solar System Exploration Roadmap   Contact Us   Site Map   Print This Page
NASA Official: Kristen Erickson
Advisory: Dr. James Green, Director of Planetary Science
Outreach Manager: Alice Wessen
Curator/Editor: Phil Davis
Science Writer: Autumn Burdick
Producer: Greg Baerg
Webmaster: David Martin
> NASA Science Mission Directorate
> Budgets, Strategic Plans and Accountability Reports
> Equal Employment Opportunity Data
   Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
> Information-Dissemination Policies and Inventories
> Freedom of Information Act
> Privacy Policy & Important Notices
> Inspector General Hotline
> Office of the Inspector General
> NASA Communications Policy
> USA.gov
> ExpectMore.gov
> NASA Advisory Council
> Open Government at NASA
Last Updated: 21 Feb 2011