National Aeronautics and Space Administration Logo
Follow this link to skip to the main content NASA Banner
Solar System Exploration
Planets
Facebook Twitter YouTube Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr iTunes
Follow Us
Comparison Chart
Comparison: Venus vs. Earth

This chart shows the differences between Venus and Earth. To change the planets/moons being compared, change one or more of the form fields at the bottom and click Refresh.

Discovered By
Known by the Ancients
Known by the Ancients
Date of Discovery
Unknown
Unknown
Average Orbit Distance
108,209,475 km
149,598,262 km
Perihelion (closest)
107,476,170 km
147,098,291 km
Aphelion (farthest)
108,942,780 km
152,098,233 km
Equatorial Radius
6,051.8 km
6,371.00 km
Equatorial Circumference
38,024.6 km
40,030.2 km
Volume
928,415,345,893 km3
1,083,206,916,846 km3
Mass
4,867,320,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
5,972,190,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Density
5.243 g/cm3
5.513 g/cm3
Surface Area
460,234,317 km2
510,064,472 km2
Equatorial Surface Gravity
8.87 m/s2
9.80665 m/s2
Escape Velocity
37,296 km/h
40,284 km/h
Rotation Period (Length of Day)
-243.018 sidereal days (retrograde)
0.99726968 sidereal days
Orbit Period (Length of Year)
0.61519726 sidereal years
1.0000174 sidereal years
Mean Orbit Velocity
126,074 km/h
107,218 km/h
Orbit Eccentricity
0.00677672
0.01671123
Orbit Inclination to Ecliptic
3.39 degrees
0.00005 degrees
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit
177.3 degrees (retrograde rotation)
23.4393 degrees
Orbit Circumference
679,892,378 km
939,887,974 km
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature
462 °C
-88/58 (min/max) °C
Atmospheric Constituents
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen
Nitrogen, Oxygen

 

New planets/moons to compare:

System of measurement:

Compare All Eight Planets

Awards and Recognition   Solar System Exploration Roadmap   Contact Us   Site Map   Print This Page
NASA Official: Kristen Erickson
Advisory: Dr. James Green, Director of Planetary Science
Outreach Manager: Alice Wessen
Curator/Editor: Phil Davis
Science Writer: Autumn Burdick
Producer: Greg Baerg
Webmaster: David Martin
> NASA Science Mission Directorate
> Budgets, Strategic Plans and Accountability Reports
> Equal Employment Opportunity Data
   Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
> Information-Dissemination Policies and Inventories
> Freedom of Information Act
> Privacy Policy & Important Notices
> Inspector General Hotline
> Office of the Inspector General
> NASA Communications Policy
> USA.gov
> ExpectMore.gov
> NASA Advisory Council
> Open Government at NASA
Last Updated: 8 May 2014