System of measurement:

Distance from the Sun (km)
(Semimajor axis of orbit)
57,909,227
108,209,475
149,598,262
227,943,824
778,340,821
1,426,666,422
2,870,658,186
4,498,396,441

Mean Equatorial Radius (km)
2,439.7
6,051.8
6,371.00
3,389.5
69,911
58,232
25,362
24,622

Volume (km3)
60,827,208,742
928,415,345,893
1,083,206,916,846
163,115,609,799
1,431,281,810,739,360
827,129,915,150,897
68,334,355,695,584
62,525,703,987,421

Mass (kg)
330,104,000,000,
000,000,000,000
4,867,320,000,000,
000,000,000,000
5,972,190,000,000,
000,000,000,000
641,693,000,000,
000,000,000,000
1,898,130,000,000,
000,000,000,000,000
568,319,000,000,000,
000,000,000,000
86,810,300,000,000,
000,000,000,000
102,410,000,000,000,
000,000,000,000

Density (g/cm3)
5.427
5.243
5.513
3.934
1.326
0.687
1.270
1.638

Equatorial Surface Gravity (m/s2)
3.7
8.87
9.80665
3.71
24.79
10.4*
8.87
11.15

Escape Velocity (km/h)
15,300
37,296
40,284
18,108
216,720
129,924
76,968
84,816

Rotation Period (Earth days)
58.646
-243.018
0.99726968
1.026
0.41354
0.444
-0.718
0.671

Orbit Period (Earth years)
0.2408467
0.61519726
1.0000174
1.8808476
11.862615
29.447498
84.016846
164.79132

Mean Orbit Velocity (km/h)
170,503
126,074
107,218
86,677
47,002
34,701
24,477
19,566

Orbit Eccentricity
0.20563593
0.00677672
0.01671123
0.0933941
0.04838624
0.05386179
0.04725744
0.00859048

Orbit Inclination to Ecliptic
7.0 degrees
3.39 degrees
0.00005 degrees
1.85 degrees
1.304 degrees
2.49 degrees
0.77 degrees
1.77 degrees

Inclination of Equator
to Orbit
0 degrees
177.3 degrees (retrograde rotation)
23.4393 degrees
25.2
3.1 degrees
26.7 degrees
97.8 degrees (retrograde rotation)
28.3 degrees

Minimum/Maximum
Surface Temperature (degrees C)
-173/427
462
-88/58 (min/max)
-153 to +20

Major Atmospheric
Constituents
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen
Nitrogen, Oxygen
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Argon
Hydrogen, Helium
Hydrogen, Helium
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane

Moons
None
None

Rings
No
No
No
No

Primary Source: Cox, Arthur, ed., Allen's Astrophysical Quantities, 4th ed., 2000, Springer-New York
Secondary Source: JPL Solar System Dynamics