This Week on Galileo: Four Weeks
15 Jul 2002
(Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
July 15 - August 11, 2002
As the Galileo spacecraft continues its long trek back in towards Jupiter for its final planned science pass in November, the first two weeks of this reporting period are occupied by an event called solar conjunction. This occurs roughly every 13 months as the paths of Jupiter and the spacecraft have them appear to pass behind the Sun as seen from Earth. Solar conjunction itself is an instantaneous event, and occurs on Thursday, July 18, at 1:51 p.m. PDT, when the line of sight from Earth to Galileo will skim a mere 20th of a degree over the visible surface of the Sun. However, for a period of about 3 weeks centered around that event, the spacecraft is less than 7 degrees from the Sun and radio interference from the turbulent solar atmosphere makes communication unreliable. This period will end on Sunday, July 28, and normal spacecraft activities can resume.
Normally, the spacecraft is placed in a quiescent state during conjunction, with no activities planned. Recent problems with our on-board tape recorder have prompted engineers to suggest an alternate strategy. To prevent the tape from sticking to the record heads, we now have the recorder continuously moving slowly up and down the entire length of the tape in small steps, traversing all four tracks of tape about every 36 hours. This action should condition the tape, making it less likely to stick when we start to move longer distances and at higher speeds. The current motion will continue until early Tuesday morning, July 30, clearing the way for a more aggressive series of tests of the recorder.
On Friday, August 2, the next series of tape recorder tests will begin. During the conjunction test, it took 29 small steps to move from one end of the tape to the other. These new tests will increase our stride so that it only takes six steps to move the length of the tape. Five days later, on Tuesday, August 6, we pick up the pace again, and will span the tape in only two steps, a pace we will maintain until Monday, August 12. Subsequent tests are being planned that will increase the speed with which we traverse the tape, to gain confidence that we can again use the recorder freely, as we have planned for the Amalthea flyby in November.
On Tuesday, July 30, routine maintenance of the propulsion system is performed. On Thursday, August 1, the spacecraft is turned in place by 4 degrees to keep the communications antenna pointed towards Earth.
The spacecraft is still well outside the magnetosphere of Jupiter on the sunward side of the planet, and continuous data collection by the Magnetometer, the Dust Detector, and the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer instruments provides scientists with information about the interplanetary medium.
For more information on the Galileo spacecraft and its mission to Jupiter, please visit the Galileo home page.