Date: 3 May 1945
At the end of World War II, German rocket pioneer Wernher von Braun (center in cast) arranged the surrender of his top scientists and engineers. He also delivered rocket plans and test vehicles, to America. The operation to secure Germany's rocket knowledge was dubbed "Project Paperclip."
From left to right: Maj. Gen. Walther Dornberger, Commander of the V-2 laboratory at Peenemunde; Lt. Col. Herbert Axter; von Braun, inventor of the V-2 rocket; and Hans Lindenberg, after they surrendered to U.S. troops in Austria.
Credit: U.S. Army