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Ye-3/2 Mission to Earth's Moon

Mission Type: Flyby
Launch Vehicle: 8K72 (no. Il-9a)
Launch Site: NIIP-5 / launch site 1
Spacecraft Mass: Unknown
Spacecraft Instruments: 1) Yenisey-2 photographic-TV imaging; 2) micrometeoroid detector and 3) cosmic-ray detector
Deep Space Chronicle: A Chronology of Deep Space and Planetary Probes 1958-2000, Monographs in Aerospace History No. 24, by Asif A. Siddiqi

This was the last of the "first-generation" Soviet probes to the Moon. Like its immediate predecessor, it was designed to photograph the far side of the Moon.

Unfortunately, the probe never left Earth's atmosphere. Instead, immediately after launch, at T+10 seconds, the launch vehicle began to fall apart. As each strap-on fell away, parts of the booster landed separately over a large area near the launch site. Thundering explosions broke windows in many nearby buildings.

Key Dates
19 Apr 1960:  Launch (16:07:43 UT)
Status: Unsuccessful
Fast Facts
Ye-3/2 Facts This was the last of the first-generation Soviet Moon probes.

It was the USSR's 9th attempt to explore interplanetary space; and the 17th interplanetary mission since the space age began in 1957.

The Soviets also made the first launch for Mars in 1960.
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Last Updated: 2 Dec 2010