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Zond 2
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Zond 2
Zond 2 Mission to Mars

Goals: This Soviet third-generation spacecraft was designed to fly by Mars and take photographs. It also carried equipment to study interplanetary space.

Accomplishments: A solar panel malfunction deprived the spacecraft of critical power and communications were lost before it reached Mars. However, mission controllers were able to twice test fire plasma electric ion rocket engines -- making Zond 2 a successful technology test for future deep space missions.

Key Dates
30 Nov 1964:  Launch
Status: Partial Success
Fast Facts
Zond 2 Facts Zond 2 was the final interplanetary launch of 1964. It was launched only two days after Mariner 4, America's first successful Mars mission.

The inert spacecraft flew by Mars on 6 August 1965 at a distance of 1,500 km.

In 1964, the Soviet Union sent the first multi-person crew (above) into Earth orbit aboard Voshkod 1.
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Last Updated: 2 Dec 2010