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Chandrayaan-1 Mission to Earth's Moon

Mission Type: Impact, Orbiter
Launch Vehicle: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle C11
Launch Site: Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India
NASA Center: Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Spacecraft Mass: 523.0 kg
Spacecraft Instruments: Bus: 1) Terrain Mapping Camera; 2) Hyper Spectral Imager; 3) Lunar Laser Ranging instrument; 4) X-ray Spectrometer; 5) Sub-keV Atom Reflecting Analyzer; 6) Moon Minerology Mapper (NASA); 7) Near Infrared Specrtometer; and 8) Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar
Impact Probe: 1) video camera; 2) radar altimeter; and 3) mass spectrometer
Spacecraft Dimensions: 1.5 meter cube
Spacecraft Power: Solar array and rechargable lithium ion batteries
Maximum Power: 750.0 W
Project Manager: Dr. Jayati Datta, ISRO
Total Cost: Estimated $83 million U.S.
National Space Science Data Center Master Catalog,

Chandrayaan-1 was an Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) mission designed to orbit the Moon over a two year period with the objectives of upgrading and testing India's technological capabilities in space and returning scientific information on the lunar surface.

It was based on the India's Kalpansat meteorological satellite. Power was provided by a solar array which generates 750 W and charges lithium ion batteries. A bipropellant propulsion system was used to transfer Chandrayaan-1 into lunar orbit and maintain attitude. The spacecraft was a 3-axis stabilized by using attitude control thrusters and reaction wheels. Telecommand communications were in S-band and science data transmission in X-band.

The spacecraft carried instruments provided by India, the United States and the European Space Agency.

Chandrayaan-1 also carried an 34 kg Moon Impact Probe (MIP) equipped with a video camera, a radar altimeter, and a mass spectrometer. The side panels of the box-like probe were painted with the Indian flag.

The spacecraft launched on a PSLV C11 (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota on the southeast coast of India on 22 October 2008 at 00:52 UT. The PSLV injected Chandrayaan-1 into a 255 x 22860 km transfer orbit with an inclination of 17.9 degrees. Reaching lunar transfer trajectory involved five firings of the LAM increasing the eccentricity of the orbit around the Earth to a final apogee of 380,000 km on 4 November. On 8 November Chandrayaan was put into a 7502 x 504 km lunar polar orbit, and then lowered into a 100 km circular polar orbit. On 14 November at 14:36:54 UT the Moon Impact Probe was released and hit the lunar surface at 15:01 UT near the Moon's south pole. All three instruments returned data before the crash.

The Indian Space Research Organization announced on 31 August that the Chandrayaan 1 mission has been officially terminated after contact was lost abruptly at 20:00 UT on 28 August.

Exploring the Moon with India: Moon Mineralogy Mapper
Key Dates
19 Sep 2008:  Launch (00:52 UT)
4 Nov 2008:  Lunar Orbit Insertion
14 Nov 2008:  Lunar Impact Probe (14:36:54 UT)
28 Aug 2009:  Contact Lost
Status: Partial Success
Fast Facts
Chandrayaan-1 Facts Chandrayaan means "Journey to the Moon" in Hindi. Chandra means "Moon." Yaan means "ship."

Chandrayaan-1 is India's first Moon mission. The nation launched its first satellite in 1975.

NASA is sending up a radar and mineralology mapper on the spacecraft.

Chandrayaan-1 is India's first deep space mission.

The spacecraft carried two NASA instruments.
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Last Updated: 27 Jun 2013