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Apollo Program
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Apollo Program Mission to Earth's Moon

Mission Type: Flyby, Lander, Orbiter, Sample Return
Launch Vehicle: Saturn V
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA
NASA Center: Johnson Space Center, Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center, Apollo Homepage,

The Apollo program was designed to land humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth. Six of the missions achieved this goal.

Apollo 7 and 9 were Earth orbiting missions to test the Command and Lunar Modules, and did not return lunar data. Apollo 8 through 10 tested various components while orbiting the Moon, and returned photography of the lunar surface.

Apollo 13 did not land on the Moon due to a malfunction, but also returned photographs. The six missions that landed on the Moon returned a wealth of scientific data and 382 kilograms (842 pounds) of lunar rocks. Experiments included soil mechanics, meteoroids, seismic, heat flow, lunar ranging, magnetic fields, and solar wind.

Key Dates
20 Jul 1969 - 21 Jul 1969:  Apollo 11
19 Nov 1969 - 20 Nov 1969:  Apollo 12
5 Feb 1971 - 6 Feb 1971:  Apollo 14
30 Jul 1971 - 2 Aug 1971:  Apollo 15
21 Apr 1972 - 24 Apr 1972:  Apollo 16
11 Dec 1972 - 14 Dec 1972:  Apollo 17
Status: Successful
Fast Facts
Apollo Facts Neil Armstrong (right) was 38 years old when he became the first human to walk on the Moon.

Twenty unmanned Saturn rocket tests preceded the moon launches.

Apollo spacecraft had three parts: the command module, the service module and the lunar module.

Neil Armstrong (right) was the first of 12 Americans who walked on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.

Three Apollo astronauts died in a fire during a launch pad test in 1967. They were Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee.

The Apollo 12 crew are the only human beings to visit a robotic spacecraft beyond Earth. They visited Surveyor 3 on the Moon in 1969.
Science & Technology Features
People Spotlight
David S. McKay David S. McKay
During the Apollo program, McKay gave the first men to walk on the moon training in geology. Read More...
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Last Updated: 18 Jul 2013