National Aeronautics and Space Administration Logo
Follow this link to skip to the main content NASA Banner
Solar System Exploration
Missions
1M/1
 By Target   By Name   By Decade 
1M/1
1M/1 Mission to Mars

Goals: This small probe was designed to fly past Mars and study radiation and the ultraviolet spectrum in interplanetary space. Instruments to photograph and search for signs of organic life on Mars were removed shortly before launch due to weight constraints.

Accomplishments: None. Virbations caused a guidance system malfunction and the spacecraft burned up in Earth's atmosphere without reaching orbit.


Key Dates
10 Oct 1960:  Launch (14:27:49 UT)
Status: Unsuccessful
Fast Facts
1M/1 Facts This was humanity's first attempt to send a spacecraft to Mars.

The Mars flyby was planned for 13 May 1961, but the spacecraft never reached Earth orbit.

The Soviet Union did not give this mission a name because it was unsuccessful.
Links
Awards and Recognition   Solar System Exploration Roadmap   Contact Us   Site Map   Print This Page
NASA Official: Kristen Erickson
Advisory: Dr. James Green, Director of Planetary Science
Outreach Manager: Alice Wessen
Curator/Editor: Phil Davis
Science Writer: Autumn Burdick
Producer: Greg Baerg
Webmaster: David Martin
> NASA Science Mission Directorate
> Budgets, Strategic Plans and Accountability Reports
> Equal Employment Opportunity Data
   Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
> Information-Dissemination Policies and Inventories
> Freedom of Information Act
> Privacy Policy & Important Notices
> Inspector General Hotline
> Office of the Inspector General
> NASA Communications Policy
> USA.gov
> ExpectMore.gov
> NASA Advisory Council
> Open Government at NASA
Last Updated: 6 Oct 2010