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Kosmos 482
Kosmos 482 Mission to Venus

Mission Type: Lander
Launch Vehicle: Modified SS-6 (Sapwood) with second-generation upper stage + escape stage; 8K78M
Launch Site: NIIP-5 / launch site 31; Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), USSR
Spacecraft Mass: c. 1,180 kg
Spacecraft Instruments:
Bus:: 1) cosmic-ray detector; 2) solar wind detector; and 3) ultraviolet spectrometer
Lander::1) thermometer; 2) barometer; 3) radio altimeter; 4) photometer; 5) gamma-ray spectrometer; 6) gas analyzer; and 7) wind-speed recorder
Deep Space Chronicle: A Chronology of Deep Space and Planetary Probes 1958-2000, Monographs in Aerospace History No. 24, by Asif A. Siddiqi

National Space Science Data Center,

Solar System Log by Andrew Wilson, published 1987 by Jane's Publishing Co. Ltd.

This was the sister craft to Venera 8 (launched four days earlier). Unfortunately, the spacecraft never left Earth orbit.

The Blok L escape stage's main engine prematurely cut off after only 125 seconds of firing due to a failure in the onboard timer. As a result, the spacecraft entered an elliptical orbit around Earth. Officially, the Soviets named the probe Kosmos 482 to disguise its true mission. The spacecraft reentered Earth's atmosphere in May 1981.

Key Dates
31 Mar 1972:  Launch
May 1981:  Re-entered Earth's Atmosphere
Status: Unsuccessful
Fast Facts
Kosmos 482 Facts A booster malfunction left this Venus lander stranded in Earth orbit for years.

The probe was named Kosmos -- a designation for Earth-orbiting missions -- to conceal its true mission.

Its sister craft -- Venera 8 -- suceeded in landing on Venus.
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Last Updated: 29 Nov 2010