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Europa Lander
Europa Lander Mission to Jupiter

Goals: The Europa Lander is a concept studied by NASA for sending a future mission to explore the surface of the Galilean moon and evaluate its potential habitability. The study was commissioned by NASA in 2011, along with concepts for the Europa Clipper and a Europa orbiter.

The goal adopted for the Europa Lander Mission concept was "to explore Europa to investigate its habitability." A Europa Lander could provide direct assessment of Europa's habitability and ocean composition while addressing physical processes at a local scale. The planning payload selected for the Europa Lander study consists of a notional set of instruments including a mass spectrometer, magnetometer, multiband seismometer package, site imaging system, Raman spectrometer, and a microscopic imager.

Accomplishments: This mission is a future concept under study by NASA.

Link to Europa: Ingredients for Life? Site
Key Dates
This is a mission concept. No launch date has been determined yet.
Fast Facts
Europa Lander Facts Europa, Jupiter's second Galilean satellite, is among the most interesting targets for planetary exploration in our solar system.

NASA's Galileo mission discovered strong evidence for the presence of a deep water ocean beneath its icy surface (right).

If material from Europa's ocean is making its way to the surface (through convection or some other geologic process), a robotic lander could provide a window into the ocean's habitability by collecting and studying samples.

NASA scientists think that reconnaissance from orbit or multiple flybys would be the best way to prepare before a lander mission can be attempted.
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Last Updated: 7 Aug 2013