Goals: The Europa Lander is a concept studied by NASA for sending a future mission to explore the surface of the Galilean moon and evaluate its potential habitability. The study was commissioned by NASA in 2011, along with concepts for the Europa Clipper and a Europa orbiter.
The goal adopted for the Europa Lander Mission concept was "to explore Europa to investigate its habitability." A Europa Lander could provide direct assessment of Europa's habitability and ocean composition while addressing physical processes at a local scale. The planning payload selected for the Europa Lander study consists of a notional set of instruments including a mass spectrometer, magnetometer, multiband seismometer package, site imaging system, Raman spectrometer, and a microscopic imager.
Accomplishments: This mission is a future concept under study by NASA.