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Venera 3
Venera 3 Mission to Venus

Goals: The Soviet Union's Venera 3 was designed to deliver a small landing capsule to explore Venus' atmosphere during a parachute descent.

Accomplishments: The capsule was successfully released, but contact was lost shortly before the Venus encounter. The capsule did impact on Venus -- the first manmade object to touch the surface of another planet -- but no scientific data was returned.

Key Dates
16 Nov 1965:  Launch
1 Mar 1966:  Venus Impact
Status: Partial Success
Fast Facts
Venera 3 Facts Venus was the second place beyond Earth touched by a man-made object. We made an impact on our own Moon first.

The Soviet Union celebrated the accomplishment with a special stamp (right).

An investigation found the spacecraft shared several of the same problems as Venera 2 and overheating most likely caused it to fail to return science data.
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Last Updated: 9 Feb 2012