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Ye-6M (no. 202)
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Luna 9
Luna 9 Mission to Earth's Moon

Goals: Luna 9 was designed to make a survivable landing and transmit pictures from the surface of the Moon.

Accomplishments: The spacecraft made the first survivable landing and sent first pictures from the surface of a celestial body, beating America's Surveyor lander by about four months. Luna 9's landing was harder than that of Surveyor, but good enough for its camera and radiation detector to survive and do their jobs. The mission proved that a lander would not sink into a thick layer of dust, as some models predicted.


Key Dates
31 Jan 1966:  Launch (11:41:37)
3 Feb 1966:  Lunar Landing
4 Feb 1966:  First pictures transmitted from lunar surface
Status: Successful
Fast Facts
Luna 9 made the first survivable landing on the Moon.

The spacecraft was the first to send back images from the surface of another world.

England scooped the Soviets by intercepting the radio signals carrying the first photo data and releasing a picture before the USSR produced its official version.
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Last Updated: 29 Nov 2010