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The Hottest Planet
Venus is a dim world of intense heat and volcanic activity. Similar in structure and size to Earth, Venus' thick, toxic atmosphere traps heat in a runaway 'greenhouse effect.' The scorched world has temperatures hot enough to melt lead. Glimpses below the clouds reveal volcanoes and deformed mountains. Venus spins slowly in the opposite direction of most planets.

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Comparison: Venus vs. Earth

This chart shows the differences between Venus and Earth. To change the planets/moons being compared, change one or more of the form fields at the bottom and click Refresh.

Discovered By
Known by the Ancients
Known by the Ancients
Date of Discovery
Unknown
Unknown
Average Orbit Distance
108,209,475 km
149,598,262 km
Perihelion (closest)
107,476,170 km
147,098,291 km
Aphelion (farthest)
108,942,780 km
152,098,233 km
Equatorial Radius
6,051.8 km
6,371.00 km
Equatorial Circumference
38,024.6 km
40,030.2 km
Volume
928,415,345,893 km3
1,083,206,916,846 km3
Mass
4,867,320,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
5,972,190,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Density
5.243 g/cm3
5.513 g/cm3
Surface Area
460,234,317 km2
510,064,472 km2
Equatorial Surface Gravity
8.87 m/s2
9.80665 m/s2
Escape Velocity
37,296 km/h
40,284 km/h
Rotation Period (Length of Day)
-243.018 sidereal days (retrograde)
0.99726968 sidereal days
Orbit Period (Length of Year)
0.61519726 sidereal years
1.0000174 sidereal years
Mean Orbit Velocity
126,074 km/h
107,218 km/h
Orbit Eccentricity
0.00677672
0.01671123
Orbit Inclination to Ecliptic
3.39 degrees
0.00005 degrees
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit
177.3 degrees (retrograde rotation)
23.4393 degrees
Orbit Circumference
679,892,378 km
939,887,974 km
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature
462 °C
-88/58 (min/max) °C
Atmospheric Constituents
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen
Nitrogen, Oxygen

 

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Comparison: Venus vs. Earth

This chart shows the differences between Venus and Earth. To change the planets/moons being compared, change one or more of the form fields at the bottom and click Refresh.

Discovered By
Known by the Ancients
Known by the Ancients
Date of Discovery
Unknown
Unknown
Average Orbit Distance
108,209,475 km
149,598,262 km
Perihelion (closest)
107,476,170 km
147,098,291 km
Aphelion (farthest)
108,942,780 km
152,098,233 km
Equatorial Radius
6,051.8 km
6,371.00 km
Equatorial Circumference
38,024.6 km
40,030.2 km
Volume
928,415,345,893 km3
1,083,206,916,846 km3
Mass
4,867,320,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
5,972,190,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Density
5.243 g/cm3
5.513 g/cm3
Surface Area
460,234,317 km2
510,064,472 km2
Equatorial Surface Gravity
8.87 m/s2
9.80665 m/s2
Escape Velocity
37,296 km/h
40,284 km/h
Rotation Period (Length of Day)
-243.018 sidereal days (retrograde)
0.99726968 sidereal days
Orbit Period (Length of Year)
0.61519726 sidereal years
1.0000174 sidereal years
Mean Orbit Velocity
126,074 km/h
107,218 km/h
Orbit Eccentricity
0.00677672
0.01671123
Orbit Inclination to Ecliptic
3.39 degrees
0.00005 degrees
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit
177.3 degrees (retrograde rotation)
23.4393 degrees
Orbit Circumference
679,892,378 km
939,887,974 km
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature
462 °C
-88/58 (min/max) °C
Atmospheric Constituents
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen
Nitrogen, Oxygen

 

New planets/moons to compare:

System of measurement:

Compare All Eight Planets