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Web Sources

Summary: This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September 2010.
Contributors: Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee

General Model for Citing Web Sources in Chicago Style

Footnote or Endnote (N):

1. Firstname Lastname, "Title of Web Page," Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics, publication date and/or access date if available, URL.

Corresponding Bibliographical Entry (B):

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Web Page." Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date and/or access date if available. URL.

Electronic Books and Books Consulted Online

Electronic books are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a media marker at the end of the citation: Kindle edition, PDF e-book, Microsoft Reader e-book, Palm e-book, CD-ROM, etc. Books consulted online are also cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI (or URL) at the end of the citation. See also Books.

Note: Stable page numbers are not always available in electronic formats; therefore, you may, instead, include the number of chapter, section, or other easily recognizable locator.

Lemon, Rebecca, Emma Mason, Johnathan Roberts, and Christopher Rowland, ed. The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. PDF e-book.

N:

1. Grant Ian Thrall, Land Use and Urban Form (New York: Methuen, 1987), http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Thrallbook/Land%20Use%20and%20Urban%20Form.pdf.

B:

Thrall, Grant Ian. Land Use and Urban Form. New York: Methuen, 1987. http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Thrallbook/Land%20Use%20and%20Urban%20Form.pdf.

Online Periodicals (Journal, Magazine, and Newspaper Articles)

Online periodicals are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI or URL at the end of the citation. See also Periodicals. Also keep in mind that while access dates are not required for formally published electronic sources (journal articles), they can be useful for informally published electronic sources or may be required for by some disciplines for all informally and formally published electronic sources. Access dates should be located immediately prior to the DOI or URL.

N:

1. Kirsi Peltonen, Noora Ellonen, Helmer B. Larsen, and Karin Helweg-Larsen, "Parental Violence and Adolescent Mental Health," European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 19, no. 11 (2010): 813-822, doi: 10.1007/s00787-010-0130-8.

B:

Peltonen, Kirsi, Noora Ellonen, Helmer B. Larsen, and Karin Helweg-Larsen. "Parental Violence and Adolescent Mental Health." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 19, no. 11 (2010): 813-822. doi: 10.1007/s00787-010-0130-8.

Web Page with Known Author and Date

N:

7. Mister Jalopy, "Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles," Dinosaurs and Robots, last modified January 30, 2009, http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

B:

Mister Jalopy. "Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles." Dinosaurs and Robots. Last modified January 30, 2009. http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

Web Page with Known Date but without Known Author

N:

8. "Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government," CNN.com, last modified January 30 2009, http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

B:

"Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government." CNN.com. Last modified January 30, 2009. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

Web Page with Unknown Publication Date and Author

N:

9. "Band," Casa de Calexico, accessed January 30, 2009, http://www.casadecalexico.com/band.

B:

"Band." Casa de Calexico. Accessed January 30, 2009. http://www.casadecalexico.com/band.

Blog

Generally, blog entries and comments are cited only as notes. If you frequently cite a blog, however, then you may choose to include it in your bibliography. Note: if the word "blog" is included in the title of the blog, there is no need to repeat it in parentheses after that title.

N:

1. J. Robert Lennon, "How Do You Revise?," Ward Six (blog), September 16, 2010 (8:39 a.m.), http://wardsix.blogspot.com/2010/09/how-do-you-revise.html.

2. Susan Woodring, September 17, 2010 (2:31 a.m.), comment on J. Robert Lennon, "How Do You Revise?," Ward Six (blog), September 16, 2010 (8:39 a.m.), http://wardsix.blogspot.com/2010/09/how-do-you-revise.html.

Podcast

Note: If the word "podcast" is included in the title of the podcast, there is no need to repeat it enclosed in commas after that title. "Podcast audio" is used below, then, as an example placeholder and would not necessarily be required for this specific example.

N:

1. Ben Curtis and Marina Diez, Heading to the Costa de la Luz - Notes from Spain Podcast 71, podcast audio, Notes from Spain: Travel-Life-Culture, MP3, 27:8, accessed March 30, 2009, http://www.notesfromspain.com/2008/05/22/heading-to-the- costa-de-la-luz-notes-from-spain-podcast-71/.

B:

Curtis, Ben, and Marina Diez. Heading to the Costa de la Luz - Notes from Spain Podcast 71. Podcast audio. Notes from Spain: Travel-Life-Culture. MP3, 27:8. Accessed March 30, 2009. http://www.notesfromspain.com/2008/05/22/heading-to-the- costa-de-la-luz-notes-from-spain-podcast-71/.

Blank Form for Online Multimedia

N:

1. Firstname Lastname of Performer, Writer or Creator, Title of Text, indication of format/medium, running time, publication date, URL.

B:

Lastname, Firstname of Performer, Writer or Creator. Title of Text. Indication of Medium, Running Time. Publication Date. URL.


Clements, Jessica; Angeli, Elizabeth; Schiller, Karen; Gooch, S.C.; Pinkert, Laurie; Brizee, Allen. "Web Sources." Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab. 2012-10-17. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/05/.

Web Sources

Summary: This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September 2010.
Contributors: Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee

General Model for Citing Web Sources in Chicago Style

Footnote or Endnote (N):

1. Firstname Lastname, "Title of Web Page," Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics, publication date and/or access date if available, URL.

Corresponding Bibliographical Entry (B):

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Web Page." Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date and/or access date if available. URL.

Electronic Books and Books Consulted Online

Electronic books are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a media marker at the end of the citation: Kindle edition, PDF e-book, Microsoft Reader e-book, Palm e-book, CD-ROM, etc. Books consulted online are also cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI (or URL) at the end of the citation. See also Books.

Note: Stable page numbers are not always available in electronic formats; therefore, you may, instead, include the number of chapter, section, or other easily recognizable locator.

Lemon, Rebecca, Emma Mason, Johnathan Roberts, and Christopher Rowland, ed. The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. PDF e-book.

N:

1. Grant Ian Thrall, Land Use and Urban Form (New York: Methuen, 1987), http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Thrallbook/Land%20Use%20and%20Urban%20Form.pdf.

B:

Thrall, Grant Ian. Land Use and Urban Form. New York: Methuen, 1987. http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Thrallbook/Land%20Use%20and%20Urban%20Form.pdf.

Online Periodicals (Journal, Magazine, and Newspaper Articles)

Online periodicals are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI or URL at the end of the citation. See also Periodicals. Also keep in mind that while access dates are not required for formally published electronic sources (journal articles), they can be useful for informally published electronic sources or may be required for by some disciplines for all informally and formally published electronic sources. Access dates should be located immediately prior to the DOI or URL.

N:

1. Kirsi Peltonen, Noora Ellonen, Helmer B. Larsen, and Karin Helweg-Larsen, "Parental Violence and Adolescent Mental Health," European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 19, no. 11 (2010): 813-822, doi: 10.1007/s00787-010-0130-8.

B:

Peltonen, Kirsi, Noora Ellonen, Helmer B. Larsen, and Karin Helweg-Larsen. "Parental Violence and Adolescent Mental Health." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 19, no. 11 (2010): 813-822. doi: 10.1007/s00787-010-0130-8.

Web Page with Known Author and Date

N:

7. Mister Jalopy, "Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles," Dinosaurs and Robots, last modified January 30, 2009, http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

B:

Mister Jalopy. "Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles." Dinosaurs and Robots. Last modified January 30, 2009. http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

Web Page with Known Date but without Known Author

N:

8. "Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government," CNN.com, last modified January 30 2009, http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

B:

"Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government." CNN.com. Last modified January 30, 2009. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

Web Page with Unknown Publication Date and Author

N:

9. "Band," Casa de Calexico, accessed January 30, 2009, http://www.casadecalexico.com/band.

B:

"Band." Casa de Calexico. Accessed January 30, 2009. http://www.casadecalexico.com/band.

Blog

Generally, blog entries and comments are cited only as notes. If you frequently cite a blog, however, then you may choose to include it in your bibliography. Note: if the word "blog" is included in the title of the blog, there is no need to repeat it in parentheses after that title.

N:

1. J. Robert Lennon, "How Do You Revise?," Ward Six (blog), September 16, 2010 (8:39 a.m.), http://wardsix.blogspot.com/2010/09/how-do-you-revise.html.

2. Susan Woodring, September 17, 2010 (2:31 a.m.), comment on J. Robert Lennon, "How Do You Revise?," Ward Six (blog), September 16, 2010 (8:39 a.m.), http://wardsix.blogspot.com/2010/09/how-do-you-revise.html.

Podcast

Note: If the word "podcast" is included in the title of the podcast, there is no need to repeat it enclosed in commas after that title. "Podcast audio" is used below, then, as an example placeholder and would not necessarily be required for this specific example.

N:

1. Ben Curtis and Marina Diez, Heading to the Costa de la Luz - Notes from Spain Podcast 71, podcast audio, Notes from Spain: Travel-Life-Culture, MP3, 27:8, accessed March 30, 2009, http://www.notesfromspain.com/2008/05/22/heading-to-the- costa-de-la-luz-notes-from-spain-podcast-71/.

B:

Curtis, Ben, and Marina Diez. Heading to the Costa de la Luz - Notes from Spain Podcast 71. Podcast audio. Notes from Spain: Travel-Life-Culture. MP3, 27:8. Accessed March 30, 2009. http://www.notesfromspain.com/2008/05/22/heading-to-the- costa-de-la-luz-notes-from-spain-podcast-71/.

Blank Form for Online Multimedia

N:

1. Firstname Lastname of Performer, Writer or Creator, Title of Text, indication of format/medium, running time, publication date, URL.

B:

Lastname, Firstname of Performer, Writer or Creator. Title of Text. Indication of Medium, Running Time. Publication Date. URL.


Clements, Jessica; Angeli, Elizabeth; Schiller, Karen; Gooch, S.C.; Pinkert, Laurie; Brizee, Allen. "Web Sources." Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab. 2012-10-17. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/05/.