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Making and Mapping a Volcano
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Making and Mapping a Volcano

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Short Description: After each of a series of vinegar/baking soda eruptions, students use Play-Doh to mark where the lava flowed. In teams they examine the stratigraphy and map the flows.

Topic: Volcanism in the Solar System

Grade Level: 5-8

Body: Earth, Mars

Mission: 2001 Mars Odyssey (Mars), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (Mars)

Science Education Standards:

Benchmarks

By the end of 8th grade, students should know that:
  • Nine planets of very different size, composition, and surface features move around the sun in nearly circular orbits. Some planets have a variety of moons and even flat rings of rock and ice particles orbiting around them. Some of these planets and moons show evidence of geologic activity. 4A/M3
  • The interior of the earth is hot. Heat flow and movement of material within the earth cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and create mountains and ocean basins. Gas and dust from large volcanoes can change the atmosphere. 4C/M1
  • Some changes in the earth's surface are abrupt (such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions) while other changes happen very slowly (such as uplift and wearing down of mountains). 4C/M2a

National Science Education Standards

Grades 5-8
Earth and Space Science- Content Standard D

STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SYSTEM
Land forms are the result of a combination of constructive and destructive forces. Constructive forces include crustal deformation, volcanic eruption, and deposition of sediment, while destructive forces include weathering and erosion.

Source: NASA Education


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Last Updated: 14 Mar 2014