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Short Description: This simple activity for young elementary students is based on the Middle School activity "Making and Mapping a Volcano." After having vinegar/baking soda eruptions, students use Play-Doh to mark where the lava flowed.
Volcanism in the Solar System
Grade Level: K-4
Venus Express (Venus)
Science Education Standards:
By the end of 8th grade, students should know that:
- Nine planets of very different size, composition, and surface features move around the sun in nearly circular orbits. Some planets have a variety of moons and even flat rings of rock and ice particles orbiting around them. Some of these planets and moons show evidence of geologic activity. 4A/M3
- The interior of the earth is hot. Heat flow and movement of material within the earth cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and create mountains and ocean basins. Gas and dust from large volcanoes can change the atmosphere. 4C/M1
- Some changes in the earth's surface are abrupt (such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions) while other changes happen very slowly (such as uplift and wearing down of mountains). 4C/M2a
National Science Education Standards
Earth and Space Science - Content Standard D
CHANGES IN THE EARTH AND SKY
The surface of the Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes, such as erosion and weathering, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
Source: Lunar and Planetary Institute