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Decadal Survey Document Listing

Browse and search white papers and mission & technology studies received by the Planetary Science Decadal Survey. Click here for basic user instructions.

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Total results: 198

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Steven Howe

Co-Authors: Brian Gross, Jeff Katalenich, Robert O’Brien, Logan Sailer
The Mars Hopper: Long Range Mobile Platform Powered by Martian In-Situ Resources The CSNR is designing an instrumented platform that can acquire detailed data at hundreds of locations during its 10 year lifetime - a Mars Hopper. By accumulating thermal power from a radioisotope source, the platform will be able to “hop” from one location to the next every 2-3 days with a separa Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Satellites: Galilean satellites, Titan, and the other satellites of the giant planets. Idaho National Laboratory Download File

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Lars Borg

Co-Authors: Carl Allen, Dave Beaty, Karen Buxbaum, Joy Crisp, Dave Des Marais, Danny Glavin, Monica Grady, Ken Herkenhoff, Richard Mattingly, Scott McLennan, Denis Moura, John Mustard, Lisa Pratt, Steve Symes, Meenakshi Wadhwa
A Consensus Vision for Mars Sample Return A consensus vision of a Mars Sample Return (MSR) mission concept is presented, reflecting the integration of multiple recent community-based planning discussions. It summarizes the current state of thought regarding the science goals that would be best addressed by samples returned from Mars. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Lawrence Livermore National Lab Download File

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Susanne P. Schwenzer

Co-Authors: O. Abramov, C. Allen, S. Clifford, J. Filiberto, D.A. Kring, J. Lasue, P.J. McGovern, H.E. Newsom, A.H. Treiman, A. Wittmann
The importance of (Noachian) impact craters as windows to the sub-surface and as potential hosts of life The paper demonstrated the research that can be done in small craters punctuating larger Noachian craters. Topics include: small craters as natural drills, impact-generated hydrothermal systems and lakes in Noachian craters, and the ecological niches created by them. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Lunar and Planetary Institute Download File

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Allan Treiman

Co-Authors: Meenakshi Wadhwa, Charles K. Shearer Jr., Glenn J. MacPherson, James J. Papike, Gerald J. Wasserburg, Christine Floss, Malcolm J. Rutherford, George J. Flynn, Dimitri Papanastassiou, Andrew Westphal, Clive Neal, John H. Jones, Ralph P. Harvey, Susanne Schwenzer
Groundbreaking Sample Return from Mars: The Next Giant Leap in Understanding the Red Planet The purpose of this white paper is to urge consideration of a groundbreaking sample return from Mars from a previously well characterized site that requires a simple mission architecture to minimize cost and engineering risk, while gaining substantial scientific return. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Lunar and Planetary Institute Download File

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Michael D. Max

Co-Authors: Stephen M. Clifford, Arthur H. Johnson, Jeremie Lasue
Is a Resource-Mars a Stepping-Stone to Human Exploration of the Solar System? Methane and water on Mars are the key to a resource base to support sustainable exploration of Mars and beyond Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. MDS Research, LLC Download File

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Michael D. Smith

Co-Authors: Mark Allen, Donald Banfield, Jeffrey Barnes, R. Todd Clancy, Philip James, James Kasting, Paul Wennberg, Daniel Winterhalter, Michael Wolff, Richard Zurek
Mars Trace Gas Mission: Scientific Goals and Measurement Objectives Trace gases are a sensitive indicator of current martian activity, whether photochemical or biogeochemical. A Trace Gas Mission measuring atmospheric composition, circulation and state, and locating active sources would characterize this activity and its implications for climate and astrobiology. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Download File

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Michael J. Kavaya Mars Orbiting Pulsed Doppler Wind Lidar for Characterization of Wind and Dust Technology is described which is well developed and on a path for space. This technology could be used in Mars orbit to provide a global climatology of wind and relative dust as a function of location and altitude. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. NASA Langley Research Center Download File

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Naoya Imae Supporting the sample return from Mars I heartfully indicate the support on the sample return mission from Mars, and the indispensable facilities in laboratories. Because the sample return mission is the keys of essential problems for Planetary Science. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. National Institute of Polar Research Download File

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Eldar Z. Noe Dobrea

Co-Authors: S. Murchie, J.F. Mustard, J.L. Bishop, N.K. McKeown
Near-Infrared imaging spectroscopy of the surface of Mars at meter-scales to constrain the geological origin of hydrous alteration products, identify candidate sites and samples for future in-situ and sample return missions, and guide rover operations Near-infrared imaging spectrometers capable of mapping hydrous minerals on the surface of Mars at meter-scales from orbit, as well as hypespectral NIR imagers on landed rovers not only enhance the scientific return of orbital and rover missions, but will be critical in guiding future rover operation Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Planetary Science Institute Download File

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Kimberly R. Kuhlman

Co-Authors: Alberto Behar, Jack Jones, Penelope Boston, Jeffrey Antol, Gregory Hajos, Warren Kelliher, Max Coleman, Ronald Crawford, Lynn Rothschild, Martin Buehler, Greg Bearman, Daniel W. Wilson, Christopher P. McKay
Tumbleweed: A New Paradigm for Surveying the Surface of Mars Tumbleweeds are lightweight, highly configurable and inexpensive wind-driven vehicles that could enable long-range surveys of the surface of Mars. Their analytical capabilities can be optimized for measurements for astrobiology or in situ resources over relatively large swaths of terrain. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Planetary Science Institute Download File

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Jeffrey L. Bada

Co-Authors: Andrew D. Aubrey, Frank J. Grunthaner, Michael Hecht, Richard Quinn, Richard Mathies, Aaron Zent, John H. Chalmers
Seeking Signs of Life on Mars: In Situ Investigations as Prerequisites to Sample Return Missions We argue for deployment of increasingly sophisticated in situ techniques to definitively identify biomarkers before engaging in Mars Sample Return. We focus on "following the nitrogen," using techniques such as micro capillary electrophoresis to identify and determine the chirality of primary amines Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Download File

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Bruce A. Campbell

Co-Authors: John A. Grant, Ted Maxwell, Jeffrey J. Plaut, Anthony Freeman
Exploring the Shallow Subsurface of Mars with Imaging Radar: Scientific Promise and Technical Rationale Global information on martian near-surface features and physical properties represents a great untapped aspect of the search for habitable zones and evidence of past climate. Imaging radar measurements can penetrate several meters of mantling material and 10’s of meters into ice. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Smithsonian Institution Download File

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John Grant

Co-Authors: Matt Golombek, Alfred McEwen, Scott Murchie, Frank Seelos, John Mustard, David Des Marais, Ken Tanaka, Gian Ori, Nicolas Mangold, Kate Fishbaugh, Steve Ruff, Dawn Sumner, Brad Jolliff, Ralph Harvey
Future Mars Landing Site Selection Activities A process for identifying candidate landing sites for future missions should be started and accompanied by creation of funding to support landing site characterization activities. NASA should provide resources to existing missions to enable these activities and consider including instruments for sit Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Smithsonian Institution Download File

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Scot Rafkin

Co-Authors: Robert. M. Haberle, Don Banfield, Jeff. Barnes
The Value of Landed Meteorological Investigations on Mars: The Next Advance for Climate Science Major advances in the understanding of the present and past Mars climate system are most likely to be accomplished by in situ meteorological surface measurements operating from both a network configuration and individual stations. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Southwest Research Institute Download File

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Douglas Stetson

Co-Authors: Jim Bell, Lou Friedman
Mars Exploration 2016-2032: Rationale and Principles for a Strategic Program The Mars Exploration Program, one of the most visible and dynamic elements of NASA space science, is at a crossroads. To ensure a robust future it must embrace the related goals of life and sample return, and must begin to bridge the historical gap between robotic and human exploration. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. The Planetary Society (consultant) Download File

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Lisa Pratt

Co-Authors: Carl Allen, Abby Allwood, Ariel Anbar, Sushil Atreya, Mike Carr, Dave Des Marais, Daniel Glavin, John Grant, Vicky Hamilton, Ken Herkenhoff, Vicky Hipkin, Tom McCollom, Scott McLennan, Ralph Milliken, Doug Ming, Gian Gabrielle Ori, John Parnell, Francois Poulet (Univ. Paris), Barbara Sherwood Lollar, Frances Westall, David Beaty, Joy Crisp, Chris Salvo, Charles Whetsel, Mike Wilson
Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher (MAX-C): A Potential Rover Mission for 2018 This white paper describes a potential rover mission to Mars, with the name Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher (MAX-C) that could be launched in 2018. The mission would conduct high-priority in situ science and make concrete steps towards the potential future return of martian samples to Earth. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Indiana University Download File

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Samad A. Hayati

Co-Authors: Michelle Munk, Dick Powell, Bob Gershman, Ying Lin, Karen Buxbaum, Paul Backes, Steve Gorevan, Dave Stephenson, Dave Anderson, John Dankanich, Carl Allen, Don Pearson, Tom Rivellini, Issa Nesnas, Gary Bolotin, Charles Budney, Aron Wolf, Joseph Riedel
Strategic Technology Development for Future Mars Missions (2013-2022) This white paper focuses on enabling technologies for several candidate concepts for future Mars missions. These missions are described in MEPAG position white papers developed for the decadal survey. The technologies, their current status, and their approximate costs and schedules are described. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Download File

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Michael Hecht

Co-Authors: W. Thomas Pike, Walter Goetz, Morten Bo Madsen, Janice L. Bishop, Urs Staufer, Kjartan M. Kinch, Kristoffer Leer
The microstructure of the martian surface Martian soil is a microcosm of the mineralogical history of the planet, and it exerts a primary influence on atmospheric, geological, and periglacial properties. We propose an increased emphasis on microanalysis in future Mars surface exploration. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Download File

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Michael Hecht

Co-Authors: Kathryn Fishbaugh, Shane Byrne, Ken Herkenhoff, Stephen Clifford, Timothy N. Titus, Oded Aharonson
Next Steps in Mars Polar Science: In Situ Subsurface Exploration of the North Polar Layered Deposits The polar regions of Mars represent a unique environment for determining the mechanisms of martian climate change over geological time. Using terrestrial paleoclimatology methods, subsurface access to the polar layer deposits should be a high priority for future Mars exploration. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Download File

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Michael Mischna

Co-Authors: Michael Smith, Rob Kursinski, Don Banfield
Atmospheric Science Research Priorities for Mars This paper addresses the exploration of the martian atmosphere, and focuses on broad atmospheric science goals that can be obtained from orbit. It presents the key questions in atmospheric science that remain unanswered, and what progress can be made towards answering them in the coming decade. Mars: Not Phobos and Deimos. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Download File

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These documents have been prepared in coordination with the National Academies of Science in support of the National Academies Planetary Science Decadal Survey. These documents are being made available for information purposes only, and any views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of NASA, JPL, or the California Institute of Technology.

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Last Updated: 9 Apr 2012